Questions about example sentences with, and the definition and usage of "Defendant"

The meaning of "Defendant" in various phrases and sentences

Q: O que significa But even then, the defendants used their right to question and dismiss (退出させる)potential jurors. Among other things they were asked what they understood by the term “black power”. ?
A: Before a jury trial, a group of people are individually questioned to determine their suitability for jury service, in each particular trial. If one person is unsuited to serve on the jury, that person is eliminated from those who are under consideration.
The person who is accused of a crime (the defendant) has the right to question and dismiss; this means to ask questions, then eliminate the “potential juror”.
This process protects the defendant from the possibility of being judged by a biased jury.
Q: O que significa “The defendant does not need to know of the charges for the speedy trial rights to attach.”?
A: The US Constitution guarantees everyone the right to a speedy trial if they are charged with a crime. You have this right even if you have not been told that you have it or what crimes you have been charged with.
Q: O que significa defendants in crimes of passion were able TO PLEAD FOR LENIENCY?
A: Crimes of passion usually mean violent crimes that are committed for reasons such as sudden strong impulses/emotional feelings. To plead for leniency is to request for a lighter sentence/punishment. Overall, the sentence means that the person accused of committing any violent crimes involving strong emotions could ask for lighter punishments.
Q: O que significa The defendant is wanted for questioning in India, and authorities there are understood to have requested the extra security.
a. wanted for questioning?
b. authorities are understood??
A: 아... 사법 같은 말.. 이게 한국말로 설명하면 많이 어려울것 같은데요..
한국과 영어로 할께요

"지명 수배자" 번역 하시면 "wanted man/wanted criminal" 나올거에요.
그 "wanted" 뜻은 이 질문의 "wanted" 뜻이랑 똑같아요.
"Wanted for questioning" means they need to ask the 지명 수배자 questions or interrogate him. (심문)

"authorities are understood" 뿐이라면 영어 능력자도 헷갈리겠습니다
문장이 다 필요합니다
"Authorities there are understood to have requested the extra security."
"거기 있는 당국은 보안을 더 달라고 했는지 알고 있습니다"

이런 뜻입니다
Q: O que significa the defendant had no means to pay for the expenses of repair?
A: It means that they don’t have a way to pay for the cost of repairing the item

Synonyms of "Defendant" and their differences

Q: Qual é a diferença entre (the defendant) accept conviction e (the defendant) plead guilty ?
A: The defendant accepts conviction - The defendant continues to say they are innocent but agrees to the conviction
The defendant pleads guilty - the defendant says that they are guilty of the crime and not innocent, and will therefore receive conviction
Q: Qual é a diferença entre defendant e accused ?
A: Depends on when you use it, They are basically the same! examples;
“the defendant was charged for stealing”
“I accused my friend of stealing”
Q: Qual é a diferença entre defendant e culprit ?
A: A defendant is someone in court accused of a crime (but not yet proved innocent or guilty).
A culprit is someone/something responsible for a crime or doing something wrong - but they may be known or unknown.

The defendant stood before the judge.
The culprit who broke the window is still to be found.

Translations of "Defendant"

Q: Como é que se diz isto em Inglês (EUA)? defendant
A: Are you a genuine native speaker?😊

Other questions about "Defendant"

Q: The defendant's lawer asked the court to dismiss the civil lawsuit for child sexual trafficking against his client.

Is this sentence correct ?
A: lawyer* was spelt incorrectly. Also it’s child sex trafficking, that sounds more natural.
Q: What does "defendant has not been held accountable.” (4th paragraph) mean?

The president has broad power to issue pardons for federal crimes, but has no such authority in state cases.

While Mr. Trump has not said he intends to pardon his former campaign chairman, he has often spoken of his power to pardon and has defended Mr. Manafort on a number of occasions, calling him a “brave man.”

The new state charges against Mr. Manafort are contained in a 16-count indictment that alleges a yearlong scheme in which he falsified business records to obtain millions of dollars in loans, Mr. Vance said in a news release after the federal sentencing.

“No one is beyond the law in New York,” he said, adding that the investigation by the prosecutors in his office had “yielded serious criminal charges for which the defendant has not been held accountable.”

The indictment grew out of an investigation that began in 2017, when the Manhattan prosecutors began examining loans Mr. Manafort received from two banks.
A: To be held accountable means to pay the consequences for your actions. So the defendant (the person on trial) has not had to pay the consequences for what he did.
Q: The defendant was ruled not guilty. soa natural?
A: This sounds natural and formal.
Q: When the defendant is acquitted in court, why the verdict uses not guilty instead of innocent?
A: The phrase "proven innocent" basically implies that it's necessary to prove innocence. And this is exactly the opposite of what the people who created the legal system had in mind.

When you say "proven guilty", this implies that it is necessary to prove guilt. An in the US that's the case.

Anyway, this all comes from early Roman and Islamic law. It's fairly interesting if you're into that sort of thing. :)

A bit of technical legal point - but I also agree with sparklyglitz that it is not necessary for somebody to be innocent. They can only be punished if they are found guilty of a particular crime. The standard of proof is either beyond a reasonable doubt (in criminal trials) or based on a preponderance of the evidence (in most civil trials) - but either way there is a particular threshold of guilt that has to be proved. There is no question of innocence that has to be decided.

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